The first documentary evidence of the existence of the Orthodox Church of the Holy Virgin on Lysaya (Prechistenskaya) Hill, at the confluence of the Vityba and the Western Dvina, dates back to 1406. And by the beginning of the XV century there was a newly built Svyato-Uspenskij Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the dominant height in the city was called Assumption Hill. By the verdict of the Polish court on the murder of Uniate bishop Jozefat Kuntsevich, Svyato-Uspenskij Cathedral was dismantled, 20 people were executed, the city was deprived of Magdeburg law and all privileges.
After a few years Vitebsk citizens collected money and rebuilt a wooden church, but in 1629 it burned down. In 1636 a new Svyato-Uspenskij Cathedral was built, however, after half a century, it dilapidates, the temple was completed after the partition of Poland efforts of the Russian Orthodox Governor-General Chernyshev and the civil governor Krechetov and was completed in 1777. In 1799 Svyato-Uspenskij Cathedral by order of Paul I was transferred to the Orthodox.
Svyato-Uspenskij Cathedral is an Orthodox church located in the historic center of Vitebsk on the bank of the Western Dvina River.